Laurea Magistrale a ciclo unico (Single cycle degree/Combined Bachelor and Master - 300/360 ECTS) in Law

Degree programme

Programme type Laurea Magistrale a ciclo unico (Single cycle degree/Combined Bachelor and Master - 300/360 ECTS)
Academic Year 2015/2016
General policies and regulations D.M. 270
Code 0659
Course class LMG/01 - Law
Years in which the programme is being held

I, II, III, IV and V

Mode of study Convenzionale
Admission typology Open access with assessment of basic knowledge
Place of teaching Bologna
Degree Type Multiple degree
Inter-University programme UNIVERSITÉ PARIS X NANTERRE "LA DEFENSE" - NANTERRE , KING’S COLLEGE OF LONDON , TILBURG UNIVERSITY
Programme Director Alessandra Zanobetti
Teachers Teachers
Language Italian

Programme profile

The degree programme is structured so as to give students a basic grounding in the Italian and European legal systems, as well as the basic tools for upgrading their skills, including history studies enabling them to place institutions of positive law in the context of their historical development. Seminars will help students learn specific interpretive skills and techniques and study case material on topics that help them understand and appraise the principles and institutes of positive law.

Expected learning outcomes

This content is not currently available.

Course units

The course units are listed according to the chosen curriculum

Curricula

The University of Bologna's School of Law has stipulated an innovative - the only one of its kind in Italy - cooperation agreement with the Dicskon Poon King's College of London considered as one of the most prestigious universities in the world.
According to the agreement, 10 students enrolled in the Long-Cycle Degree programme in Law in Bologna will be able to complete their fifth year at the Dickson Poon School of Law in London, where, sitting for three examinations and completing the long dissertation, they will be awarded of LLM (master) degree.

The University of Bologna's School of Law has also an international study course with the French university Université Paris Ouest-Nanterre La Défense.
Graduates that have choosen the study plan in Italian and French Law receive both an Italian degree and a French “Licence de Droit” and "Master".
The teaching integrates traditional basic national legal skills with basic French legal skills.
Graduates will therefore possess appropriate transnational legal competencies for finding employment in all public and private sectors which interact with Italian and French legal realities.
Graduates will possess specific technical terminological knowledge in the legal field which is otherwise difficult to find in the market, deriving from the study of legal systems in both languages and in both countries, with mother-tongue professors in legal subjects.
The study programme will achieve these outcomes in the following manner:
1. All students enrolled in the degree programme will spend the third year of the programme and the first semester of the V year at the university with which an exchange agreement exists;
2. Course units will be delivered by professors from the partner university in French right from the start of the degree programme.

Internship

The degree programme provides for the opportunity to complete a practical internship of 175 hours during the 5th year, in line with to the course units chosen by students, at a public body or at a private firm in compiance with the degree programme, 7 credits. This opportunity allows students, first of all, to apply in practice the theoretical knowledge that the course provides thus acquiring a complete preparation in many aspects and, secondly, to interact with the job market during the course.

Internships can be performed in bodies such as the Juvenile Court, the Justice of the Peace and the Emilia-Romagna Regional Court in Bologna.

Internships can be accessed through the admission notice, published by the School.
For more information, contact the Internship Contact person- School of Law

Extra-curricular activities

The School organizes seminars, congresses and conferences of interest to students.

International mobility

The School of Law has put many international initiatives into effect.
The International Relations Office is located in Palazzo Malvezzi, via Zamboni 22.
Office hours are on Wednesday from 11 AM to 1 PM and Friday from 11 AM to 1 PM.
For information you can send an email to: giuri.spin@unibo.it

Access to further study

2nd cycle Law Degree gives access to third cycle studied: Phd Degrees and Graduate Schools (institutions organizing post-graduate courses) and Master. In particular, the Specialization School for Legal Professions " E. Redenti" established by law, issues a Postgraduate Diploma, computed as a 1-year period valid for the completion of the training period for access to the professions of Lawyer, Notary and Magistrate. The School of Postgraduate Studies on Public Administration organizes courses which  can provide expertise in method and content necessary for professionals in the field of administrative law and general studies on public administration.
The graduate will be able to enroll in one of several Master's Degree organized by the School of Law and by other schools (you should refer to the admission requirements provided for in the course of interest) . Masters are post-graduate courses in advanced scientific and high permanent or recurrent training in the reference field .

Career opportunities

Lawyer (after a period of practice and passing a State Exam according to current law)

  • Function in a professional context:

A lawyer represents and defends the interests of the client (person, company, organization, etc.) on legal matters through the various degrees of civil, criminal or administrative justice. He/she draws up contracts and legal deeds, provides legal advice, lends legal assistance and acts as an arbiter in out-of-court settlements.

  • Competencies associated to the function:

- knowledge of texts and guidelines (laws, regulations, procedures, caselaw, etc.), ability to appraise and define the case in point, backed by constant updating, as well as by:

- ability to draft opinions and deeds in Italian

- ability to relate to others (clients, colleagues, judges, etc.)

- ICT skills

- managerial skills

- ability to harness economic and accounting procedures to legal practice

- mastery of legal vocabulary in one or more foreign languages (mainly English and French)

  • Career opportunities:

The legal profession may be freelance or salaried.

Law graduates begin their careers by practising at a law firm, enabling them to hone knowledge gained at university. One partial alternative is to attend a specialization school for the legal professions. During the practice period they not only broaden their own legal background but get to know the various legal offices and learn how to handle routine practice of the legal profession.

After practising and then passing the State Examination qualifying them to practise the profession, lawyers may set up on their own account or seek employment under others (attorneys, banks, insurance agents, companies, public administration, etc). They may also be appointed honorary judges and become justices of the peace or, as honorary judges, magistrates of ordinary jurisdiction (court honorary judge, honorary deputy prosecutors).

A lawyer may complete his/her education by attending specialization school, second-level university Masters and postgraduate courses.

Notary public (upon passing the nationwide competition as foreseen by current law)

  • Function in a professional context:

A notary receives and draws up legal deeds inter vivos (conveyancing, mortgages, donations) and wills; accords them public status in his/her capacity as a public official; registers and transcribes them on public registries; preserves and authenticates them; issues copies, extracts and certificates. A notary also ascertains the will of contracting parties and translates this into legal idiom, vouching for the legality of the final deed; advises the parties as to the most suitable document for their ends; checks the legality of deeds and transactions; verifies document conformity; performs document searches (e.g. at the mortgage and land registry offices) and proffers specialist advice (excise and revenue tax, civil law, etc.).

  • Competencies associated to the function:

- knowledge of texts and guidelines (laws, regulations, procedures, caselaw, etc.), ability to appraise and define the case in point, backed by constant updating, as well as by:

- ability to draft opinions and deeds in Italian

- ability to relate to others (clients, colleagues, judges, etc.)

- ability to analyse the client's needs and decide which service they relate to

- ICT skills

- managerial skills

- ability to harness economic and accounting procedures to legal practice

- mastery of legal vocabulary in one or more foreign languages

  • Career opportunities:

Law graduates begin this career by practising at a notary's office, enabling them to hone knowledge gained at university. One partial alternative is to attend a specialization school for the legal professions. During the practice period they not only broaden their own legal background but get to know the various legal offices and learn how to handle routine practice of the notary profession. After passing the notary competition, they are appointed to a professional practice which they are expected to open to the public within three months.

Judge (upon passing the nationwide competition as foreseen by current law)

  • Function in a professional context:

A judge first establishes the facts of the case and then administers criminal, civil or administrative justice. He/she arranges and conducts hearings, examines trial proceedings, appoints legal experts; collects and assesses evidence or information; listens to the parties and their counsel, sets investigations in motion, passes judgment. Judges are also expected to monitor prison conditions, decide corrective measures as an alternative to prison, check that the constitution or law is being observed, supervise the work of administrative staff, preside over economic resources and public spending mechanisms.

  • Competencies associated to the function:

- knowledge of texts and guidelines (laws, regulations, procedures, caselaw, etc.), ability to appraise and define the case in point, backed by constant updating, as well as by:

- ability to draft opinions and deeds in Italian

- ability to relate to the public and professionals (lawyers, contending parties, colleagues, judiciary police, etc.)

- ability to apply investigative techniques

- mastery of legal vocabulary in one or more foreign languages, mainly English and French, the official languages of the European Court of Human Rights and the Council of European Ministers.

  • Career opportunities:

Upon graduating in law, one attends a restricted-access specialization course at a School of Specialization for the legal profession (2 years' duration). After passing a national competition set by the Ministry of Justice, one attends an obligatory 6-month course at a Higher School of Judiciary. A newly-appointed judge (MOT or trainee judge) must do an 18-month placement with another judge, and after two years becomes a lawcourt judge. Eleven more years must elapse before one can be appointed Appeal Court Judge and another seven before one is declared eligible for appointment to the Court of Cassation. A judge may practise at the following institutions (in some cases conditional on further selection by competition): Superior Council of Judges, Superior Council of Military Judges, Constitutional Court, Court of Cassation, Appeal Court, Ordinary Lawcourts, Assize Courts, Assize Appeal Court, Juvenile Court, Surveillance Court, State Auditors' Court, State Legal Advisory Service, Regional Administrative Courts, Council of State.

Company Legal Expert

  • Function in a professional context:

The profession involves managing and coordinating a company legal office as well as dealing with legal points arising in company business. Business, procedure and documents must be checked for conformity with law; contracts and other documents of legal weight need drawing up, for the home and international markets. As well as legal opinion to be given, there are files and dossiers and administrative matters to be looked after, relationships with outsiders (such as other lawyers). The legal side of the business must be run in support of administration and other offices; credits need retrieving; institutional bodies must be attended (committees, consultative bodies, etc.). The legal expert's job is also to prevent disputes and, if this proves impossible, to handle them under his/her responsibility, acting as a go-between for the company with external lawyers.

  • Competencies associated to the function:

- knowledge of texts and guidelines (laws, regulations, procedures, caselaw, etc.), ability to appraise and define the case in point, backed by constant updating, as well as by:

- ability to draft opinions and deeds in Italian

- ability to liaise over administration and business management

- knowledge of administrative and office procedure

- familiarity with archiving techniques

- managerial skills

- familiarity with the practices and principles of economics and accountancy

- ability to manage human resources

- ability to interact with other professional and understand the dynamics of business organization

- familiarity with the principles/methods of presenting, promoting and selling products and services

- ability to relate to others (colleagues, the public, customers)

- ICT skills

- mastery of legal vocabulary in one or more foreign languages

  • Career opportunities:

The company legal expert may be a consultant or a salaried member of industrial or manufacturing concerns, banking or insurance institutes, professional chambers (lawyers, notaries, accountants, technical consultants, architects, etc.).

He/she generally works at head office or headquarters of regional branches.

This is a specialist career ranging from junior legal assistant to manager of the legal and disputes office. Legal experts may broaden their background by attending Schools of Specialization, second-level Masters and postgraduate courses.

Legal expert for public offices

  • Function in a professional context:

The profession involves managing and coordinating a legal office as well as dealing with legal points arising in Public Administration institutes. Activities, procedure and documents must be checked for conformity with law; contracts and other documents of legal weight need drawing up, on the home and international fronts. As well as legal opinion to be given, there are files and dossiers and administrative matters to be looked after, relationships with outside bodies (lawcourts, State Legal Advisory Service, etc.). The legal side of the institute must be run in support of administration and other offices; institutional bodies must be attended (committees, consultative bodies, etc.). The legal expert's job is also to prevent disputes and, if this proves impossible, to handle them under his/her responsibility, acting as a go-between for the company with external lawyers.

  • Competencies associated to the function:

- knowledge of texts and guidelines (laws, regulations, procedures, caselaw, etc.), ability to appraise and define the case in point, backed by constant updating, as well as by:

- ability to draft opinions and deeds in Italian

- ability to administer and manage the institute in question

- knowledge of administrative and office procedure

- familiarity with archiving techniques

- managerial skills

- familiarity with the practices and principles of economics and accountancy

- ability to manage human resources

- ability to interact with other professionals and understand the organizational dynamics of in-house workflows

- ability to relate to others (colleagues, the public, customers)

- ICT skills

- familiarity with the main apparatus, and with policy/procedure, strategy to ensure safety and security at a local and national level with a view to protecting persons, information, property and institutions

- familiarity with group behaviour and dynamics, social trends and influences, migration of peoples, ethnic group phenomena

- mastery of legal vocabulary in one or more foreign languages

  • Career opportunities:

A legal expert for public offices may practice in Italy, Europe or worldwide.

1) In Italy, by winning competitions set by Public Administration, he/she may hold top-level local government positions (Municipalities, Regions, Provinces); or in public health, Chambers of Commerce, the University, public companies; or in national organizations (Government, Parliament); the tax office; the Labour Inspectorate. He/she may also hold positions in the administration of justice (Lawcourt offices).

2) In Europe, by winning public competitions set by the European Personnel Selection Office, he/she may occupy prestige and responsible positions in European bodies (Commission, Parliament, Council, Court of Justice, Auditors' Court, Regional Committee, European Ombudsman, Data Protection Supervisor).

3) Worldwide, he/she may pursue a diplomatic career and rise, by competitions, to prestige and responsible positions in governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Legal experts may broaden their background by attending Schools of Specialization, second-level Masters and postgraduate courses.

More information